Alzheimer’s Disease

What is Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative and terminal disease that destroys brain cells and is the leading cause of dementia (affecting an estimated 24 million people worldwide.) It affects approximately one in eight people over the age of 65. The term ‘dementia’ describes a group of symptoms that are caused by changes in brain function. Dementia symptoms may include asking the same questions repeatedly, becoming lost in familiar places, being unable to follow directions, getting disoriented about time, people and places and neglecting personal safety, hygiene and nutrition.

Who always affected by this disease?

In most common form, Alzheimer’s affects mostly people over the age of 60.

What is the effect of this disease?

The disease last between 5 to 20 years, during which the number and severity of memory loss is usually the first symptom. This is often followed by mood swings, general confusion and anger, and more long-term memory loss. The patient will gradually lose minor and major bodily function, and this will result in their eventual death.

Progress of Alzheimer:
-Early dementia
-Moderate dementia

10 warning signs of Alzheimer’s:

1.) Memory loss. Forgetting recent events or information one of the most common early sign of dementia.
2.) Difficulty performing familiar tasks. AD patients may forget the steps to task that they perform every day.
3.) Problems with language. People with AD will often forget or confuse simple words. For example, they may want to ask for a hairbrush, and say “Where’s that thing for my hair?”
4.) Disorientation regarding time and place. People with AD can become lost in their own neighborhoods, forget where they are and how they got there, and not know how to get home.
5.) Poor judgment. AD patients may sometimes dress inappropriately, wearing a sweater on warm day or very little clothing in the cold.
6.) Problems with abstract thinking. An Alzheimer’s patient may have unusual difficulty performing complex mental tasks, like addition and subtraction.
7.) Misplacing things. AD patients may out things in unusual places: an iron in the freezer or a wristwatch in the sugar bowl.
8.) Mood swings. Someone with Alzheimer’s disease may show change in mood or behavior – from calm to tears to anger – for no apparent reason.
9.) Drastic changes in personality. The personalities of people with dementia can change dramatically. They may become extremely confused, suspicious, fearful or dependent on a family member.
10.) Apathy. A person with AD may become extremely passive, sitting in front of TV for hours, sleeping more than usual or not wanting to do usual activities.

Taking care of AD patients.

This task usually fall to immediate family and or spouses. This can take a great toll on the physical and emotional health of the caregiver themselves.

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