Anatomi Retina Mata

Retina adalah selembar tipis jaringan saraf yang semitransparan, dan multilapis dan melapisi bagian dalam dua per tiga posterior dinding bola mata. Retina biasa juga disebut selaput jala, merupakan bagian mata yang mengandung reseptor yang menerima rangsangan cahaya.

Retina berbatas dengan koroid dan sel pigmen epitel retina, dan terdiri atas lapisan-lapisan, mulai dari sisi dalamnya, adalah sebagai berikut :

1. Membrana limitans interna
2. Lapisan serabut-serabut saraf
3. Lapisan sel-sel ganglion
4. Lapisan pleksiform dalam
5. Lapisan nuklear dalam
6. Lapisan pleksiform luar
7. Lapisan nuklear luar
8. Membrana limitans interna
9. Lapisan fotoreseptor
10. Lapisan epitel pigmen

Di tengah-tengah retina posterior terdapat makula. Secara klinis dapat didefinisikan sebagai daerah pigmentasi kekuningan yang disebabkan oleh pigmen luteal (xantofil), dan dibatasi oleh arkade-arkade pembuluh darah retina temporal. Di tengah makula, sekitar 3,5 mm di sebelah lateral diskus optikus, terdapat fovea yang secara klinis jelas-jelas merupakan suatu cekungan yang memberikan pantulan khusus bila dilakukan oftalmoskop.

Fovea ditandai dengan menipisnya lapisan inti luar dan dan tidak adanya lapisan-lapisan parenkim karena akson-akson sel fotoreseptor berjalan oblik dan pergeseran secara sentrifugal lapisan retina yang lebih dekat ke permukaan dalam retina. Foveola merupakan bagian paling tengah pada fovea, di sini fotoreseptornya adalah sel kerucut dan merupakan bagian retina yang paling tipis.

Pada funduskopi tempat makula lutea tampak lebih merah dari sekitarnya dan pada tempat fovea sentralis seolah-olah ada cahaya yang disebut refleks fovea, yang disebabkan oleh lekukan pada fovea sentralis. Pada bagian nasal dari makula lutea terdapat papilla nervi optisi, yaitu tempat dimana N.II menembus sklera. Papil ini hanya terdiri dari serabut saraf, tidak mengandung sel batang atau kerucut sama sekali dan disebut titik buta.

Bagian tengahnya ada lekukan yang tampak agak pucat, dari tempat inilah keluar arteri dan vena retina sentralis yang kemudian bercabang-cabang ke temporal dan ke nasal, juga ke atas dan ke bawah. Arteri ini merupakan arteri terminal dan tak ada anastomose. Namun terkadang di dapat anastomose antara a. Siliaris dan a. Retina sentral yang disebut a. Silioretinal yang terletak di makula, sehingga bila terjadi emboli yang masuk ke dalam arteri retina sentralis fungsi dari makula tak terganggu.

Pemasok arteri utama ke orbita dan bagian-bagiannya berasal dari arteri oftalmika, cabang besar pertama dari bagian intrakranial arteri karotis interna. Cabang ini berjalan di bawah nervus optikus dan bersamanya melewati kanalis optikus menuju orbita. Cabang intraorbital pertama adalah arteri retina sentralis, yang memasuki nervus optikus sekitar 8-15 mm di belakang bola mata. Pembuluh darah retina keluar pada papil N.II, membentuk gambaran percabangan yang berbeda-beda pada setiap individu.

Retina menerima darah dari dua sumber. Biasanya bagian dalam retina disuplai oleh a.retina sentral dan cabangnya yang memperdarahi dua per tiga sebelah dalam. Pada bagian luar disuplai oleh koriokapiler yang berada tepat di luar membrana Bruch, yang memperdarahi sepertiga luar retina. Termasuk lapisan pleksiformis luar dan lapisan inti luar, fotoreseptor, dan lapisan epitel pigmen retina.

Useful Information On Belly Dance Classes Ardmore Pa

Belly dance is a westernised name given to a type of dance that originated in the Middle East. It involves movement around the torso area and takes many forms depending on the country and region, both in the way of dancing and the costume worn. Belly dance classes ardmore pa have therefore gained a lot of popularity and new styles have evolved and spread globally.

The movements can be grouped into; Percussive movements, fluid movements, shimmies, shivers and vibrations. In its beautification, practitioners make personal changes such as twists, level changes, turns and steps. The arms are used to create different shapes and lines to spice up the dance as well as facilitating the hip movement.

It can be used as a workout as it can tone muscles and burn calories just like any aerobic activity. Flexibility, balance and coordination are an added advantage to this type of workout which is different from the standard workouts. These three things are known to improve body posture, reduce injury and increased body awareness.

Another benefit linked to this exercise is a clearer skin tone due to the increased oxygen levels to the skin cells and blood circulation. You can take a lot of water during, after and before the classes in order to enhance the skins appearance. The dead skin cell should be removed regularly I the shower by gently scrubbing.

Dancers have better sleep as the well being of the body is associated with an increased ability to have normal natural cycles. For the best sleep however, you should try to do at least half an hour of dance or any other physical activity every day. This does not mean that dancing before bedtime will also help.

Moreover, dancing is stimulating to the brain as well as a result of having to synchronize the movements of different muscle groups. The practitioners need to be aware of and master the art of creating lines and shapes with their bodies making it hard for you to get bored in class. It is also the reason why dancers have good memory.

It also can be viewed as a form of psychotherapy due to its tendency to enhance healthy body image, positive social interactions and confidence in individuals. Stress relief and management are its other uses. The above are very important especially to the modern woman who undergoes so much pressure of beauty standards that have been set by the society.

A big number of belly dancers are women who are bound to experience menstrual cramps. Strengthening of the pelvic muscle groups and good blood circulation help alleviate cramps over time. Increased metabolism is another result of the practice as the movements in the abdominal area massage the internal organs thus better intestine and colon health.

Going for these classes reduce the chances of you developing back problems. This is because during the dance, the core muscles that support the spine are strengthened. In order to achieve the above, a correct posture should be maintained otherwise back problems will be aggravated. It is for this reason that enrolling in a class where there is a professional is advisable as one gets to do the moves the right and in turn avoid complications that may result from poor implementation of the moves.


HEART SURGERY (for children) – FREE OF COST – Pass it to all, it will help some one
This is done at Sri Sathya Sai Institute Of Higher Medical Sciences, E.P.I.P. Area, WhiteField, Bengalore, India 

Children who are having heart problems, those parents who could’t afford for their children’s operation, please pass on this email it mightbe help somebody.


For any kind of heart surgery for children – free of cost ..

Write to us:
Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Medical Sciences
EPIP Area, Whitefield,
Bangalore 560 066,
Karnataka , INDIA .
Call us :
Telephone: +91- 080- 28411500
Fax +91 – 080- 28411502
Employment related +91- 080- 28411500 Ext. 415
Email us: General Queries: 

For more details refer to 

Blood Pressure and Diabetes

The risk of diabetic persons developing high blood pressure is two times higher. Left untreated, diabetes increases the right of heart diseases and stroke. When a person has diabetes and high blood pressure, the chances of heart failure increase by four times. It is therefore essential for diabetic patients find ways to control hypertension or high blood pressure.

Lowering blood pressure can be attained by opting a vegetarian diet, daily physical exercise, losing weight if over weight, quitting smoking and alcohol and practicing of yoga and meditation can help lower blood pressure.

When to take meditation for high blood pressure –

If you are diabetic and your blood pressure reaches 140/90 Hg, you will need to take active measures to lower blood pressure. Remember this is only for diabetic patients and people without diabetes are not generally advised to take medicines if their BP is below 160/100.

Being diabetic increases the risk of heart failure, nervous system damages, kidney failure, liver damages and several other complications including lack of nutrient supply to arms and legs.

Blood test can gauge prostate cancer risk

Thanks to Genomic research, a simple blood test can be used to determine a man’s relative risk of developing prostate cancer. That’s because blood work can detect five genetic variants that, according to an international study, are independently associated with the disease, but that, when combined, have a strong cumulative effect of risk.

Compared to having none of these genetic variants, researchers write in the New England Journal of Medicine, having four increases the risk of developing prostate cancer by 400 to 500 percent. Family history is added to the equation to make six risk factors. Having at least five of six factors increases the baseline risk by more than 900 percent.

“Our finding provides an opportunity to supplement the well-established risk factors (age, race, and family history) by looking at inherited variants,” says seniors researcher Dr. Jianfeng Xu of Wake Forest University School of Medicine, in North Carolina. And being aware of the cumulative effect of these genetic variants, say Xu, “could substantially improve physicians’ ability to assess risk and determine the need for more aggressive screening.”

The prostate is walnut-sized gland located just below the bladder in men. The prostate keeps urine and semen flowing in the proper direction, and produces a component of semen called prostatic fluid.

Facial Exercises And Diet Tips Lose Face Fat

The encounter is 1 from the numerous locations to exactly where body fatbody body fat builds up throughoutthroughout excess weight acquire. Chubby cheekbones and double chins are generally the typical gripes of people battling from facial body fatbody body fat. To trim the encounter, you will require to both carry out facial workout routines or modify your diet plan to reduce your general physique excess weight. Let usLet’s appear at some techniques to shed oral cavity body fatbody body fat with correct diet plan and physical exercise.

one. For cheekbones: Sit. Release up. Smile, maintaining your lips shut. Now suck inside your cheekbones and maintain them in although you count eight seconds. Release up and repeat at minimum 10 occasionsoccasions. This can be a great 1 to complete although driving, because it demands no fingers to carry out. An additional physical exercise for the cheekbones is basically to smile as broad as possible (lips shut) while you picture you’re trying to contact your ears using the corners of the mouth.

two. Decrease your consumption of booze and choose consumingconsuming milk ratherrather. Booze is recognized to place on energy in your physique, although consumingconsuming 1200 mg of milk daily is recognized to assist decrease body fatbody body fat. So result in the correct option for any slimmer you.

three. Deal with your diet plan initial. A nicely-well balanced and dietarynutritional diet plan stuffed with wholesome mealsfoods this type of as entire grains, lean proteins like seafood and chicken and a lot of wholesome fruits and veggiesvegetables will assist you shed excess weight. Depriving your self is notisn’t the solution to shedding oral cavity body fatbody body fat. A well balanced method ought to limit sugar consumption and substitute dangerous mealsfoods with greater high quality, wholesome mealsfoods.

four. Tilt your mind back again, although within this place continue to create a eating movement. Chew for around 10 seconds then release up and continue doing this maneuver 10 occasionsoccasions. If completed properlycorrectly, you ought to really feel your jaw and neck muscle tissue tightening following the physical exercise.

five. ConsumingConsuming 8 largelarge eyeglasses of h2o a working day continues to be confirmed to help in excess weight reduction. From time to time whenever we believe we arewe’re hungry, our physique is reallyreally just thirsty. ConsumingConsuming tons of h2o can consider the advantage off our “starvation” and maintain us from overeating, therefore aiding us to shed body fatbody body fat. This really is 1 from the very best .

six. View your salt consumption. Salt is definitely an energetic componentcomponent that leads to bloatedness or h2o retention. Stay away of salty mealsfoods and consume wholesome types ratherrather. Should you require to include salt in your recipe, get it done having a salt shaker or sprinkle it together with your hands ratherrather of the spoon. By doing this you are able to manage the quantity of salt in your foods.

seven. Carry out normal cardio physical exercise to increase your metabolic processmetabolic rate and assist you shed excess weight. Normal physical exercise needs to become component of the every day or weekly wellness routine. Make physical exercise a component of the life-style to preserve a wholesome excess weight. Numerous people uncover excess weight acquire initial within the facial region. You will uncover excess weight reduction rapidlyquickly around the encounter as well.

eight. Carry out an exaggerated smile in entrance from the mirror. Near your lips and smile as broad as possible, just like you are trying to contact each your ears using the corners of the mouth. Maintain this place for eight to ten seconds and release up. Continue doing this process 5 occasionsoccasions.

Good Health Tips

Your health is one of the most important things you will ever have in life and it is imperative that you take good care of your health. From keeping your weight down with a great diet to making sure to exercise on a regular basis, there is definitely quite a bit to keeping your body as healthy as possible. If you are looking for the best health information and tips on the web today, then you have arrived at the right place. Welcome to, where you can find all the health related information that you need. Here you will find many helpful articles, tips, and even health news that you need to know. It’s all right here – right at your fingertips.

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Of course, taking care of your health is much more than diet and exercise. There are many other factors to be considered as well, such as your skin, your hair, dealing with various common infections, and many more. So, what type of things will you find here at the Good Health Tips site? Well, you’ll find great health tips and health articles that will prove to be informative and helpful. Just a few of the categories that you can browse here include the following:
– Fitness
– Food
– Hair
– Health
– Heart Burn
– Sinus Infections
– Yeast Infections


One of the most important parts of keeping your body healthy is staying fit, which is why we offer so many articles and health tips on fitness here at this site. While diet is important as well, without fitness training your great diet will not be as effective. Here you’ll learn more about fitness and you’ll find articles discussing things like personal trainers and other great fitness topics.

Of course, food is also extremely important when it comes to staying healthy. What you put into your body is definitely going to be reflected in your overall health. So, it is important that you learn what foods are healthy to eat and how they can affect your body. Are you interested in health food? If so, then you can find more information about health food right here. You’ll learn how important it is, how effective it can be, and even a bit on where you can find it. For those who are trying to improve their health by eating the right foods, this site has a great deal of advice and many tips to offer.

Believe it or not, many people forget their hair when they are thinking about their health. If you want hair that looks great, then you are going to have to take care of that. A person that keeps themselves in the best possible health is definitely going to have great looking hair as well. Perhaps you are suffering from hair loss and you’d like to find out how you can stop the problem. If so, then you can find great information on hair loss, products to help, and other great tips for keeping your hair healthy and avoiding even more hair loss.

Looking for topics on general health? You’ll find what you’re looking for here. From topics regarding women’s health to special health issues for men, there are great health articles that you’ll find helpful and informative.

Heart Burn
Heart burn is a very common problem that many people deal with; however, many of them actually are unaware of what they are experiencing. Here you can learn more information about heart burn and how it can affect your life. Not only will you learn more about heartburn, but you’ll also learn about great over the counter and prescription medications that can help. If you prefer natural medicine, then you can also check out our articles dealing with herbal remedies for heart burn as well.

Sinus Infections
If you’ve ever had a sinus infection, you no doubt know how miserable they can be. Here at Good Health Tips you can find great articles that will help to educate you even more on these miserable infections. You’ll find information about the signs of a sinus infection, some helpful information on various sinus infection remedies, and some great tips to prevent and get rid of a sinus infection.

Yeast Infections
Yeast infections are usually problems that women deal with, and they can be quite uncomfortable to deal with. If you think you may have a yeast infection or you are looking for great cures for yeast infections, then you need to check out this section here at You’ll find great articles discussing the symptoms to watch out for, natural cures for yeast infections, causes of the infections, and other treatments that can help as well.

Only Trump Can Go To Single-Payer

There is an old Vulcan proverb saying that only Nixon could go to China. Only a man who used to work for Joseph McCarthy could set America on a path to better relations with a virulently Communist country. A few years after Nixon went to China, Menachem Begin, the Israeli Prime Minister who represented people believing that the state of Israel should stretch from the Nile to the Euphrates, gave Egypt back all the lands conquered in a recent war and made a lasting peace with Israel’s largest enemy. They said back then that only Begin could make peace with the Arabs.

Today, I want to submit to you that only Trump can make single-payer health care happen in this country. Only a billionaire, surrounded by a cabinet of billionaires, representing a party partial to billionaires, can make that hazardous 180 degrees political turn and better the lives of the American people, and perhaps the entire world as a result. Oh, I know it’s too soon to make this observation, but note that both Mr. Nixon and Mr. Begin were deeply resented (to put it mildly) in their times, by the same type of people who find Mr. Trump distasteful today. The liberal intelligentsia back then did not have the bona fides required to cross the political chasm between one nation and its ideological enemies, or as real as death immediate foes. The liberal intelligentsia today lost all credibility in this country when it comes to providing a universal solution to our health care woes.

Free health care (and free college) are not solutions. These are rabble rousing slogans to gin up the vote, slogans that end up in overflowing trashcans left in ballrooms littered with red white and blue balloons after everybody goes home to get some sleep before the next round of calls to solicit funds from wealthy donors for the next campaign. Providing proper medical care to the American people is a monumental enterprise that engages tens of millions of workers from all walks of life, every second of every day, in every square mile of habitable land, littered with the hopes and fears of hundreds of millions of invisible men, women and children who call this great country their home. This is not something that can be made free. Nothing is free in our times, not even sunshine and fresh air.

For the jaded, the cynically inclined, and those who are simply too afraid to jump off this cliff, and therefore argue that single-payer is not politically feasible, I have a simple question. Did you all think a couple of years ago, that a President Trump is politically feasible?  Okay then. Here is what I believe could be a relatively plausible scenario enabling this one-of-a-kind administration to use its unconventional political capital (if you can even call it that) to get us on the road to making health care great again, greater than ever before.

Step 1: Disaster

The current system, held together with string and duct tape must undergo a seismic shock, preferably a moderate shock and one that does not involve war and famine. The way things look now, the most likely implosion will be the Obamacare individual market. If the Trump administration holds back ransom money from insurance companies (a.k.a. CSRs), or engages in other mischievous behavior, and the individual mandate is not enforced, we may very well have a minor disaster on our hands. In addition, the President’s Commission on Combating Drug Addiction and the Opioid Crisis is requesting that the President declare the opioid epidemic a national public health emergency. Put these two together and you see how lots of people are, or will shortly be, in dire need of medical services not currently available to them via existing “insurance” channels.

Step 2: Relief

The opioid crisis will need much more than providing care for its current victims, but we will need a coordinated effort to provide all necessary medical services to people addicted to opioids who are uninsured, or whose insurer is refusing to pay for the extensive programs needed for recovery. People who were able to afford insurance under Obamacare without, or with minimal, subsidies and are now left hanging to dry will also need a solution, and if they are sick, they will need immediate relief. This would be the perfect time to cut through the red tape and institute the Disaster Relief and Emergency Access to Medicare (DREAM) program. The DREAM will open Medicare to the victims of Obamacare and the victims of the opioid epidemic. This will be put in place as a temporary disaster response program, subject to extension of course, until a more permanent solution can be found. I doubt too many people in Congress could vote against such measure.

Step 3: The DREAM

No matter how short lived, all government programs including temporary ones need rules and regulations to execute now, and to be replicated in future emergencies as needed. Besides, any respectable bill needs more than just a title. How do we define opioid addiction? How do we define Obamacare victim? How do they sign up? What do they get? How much will it cost?

Opioid Crisis

  • Congress will appropriate $45 billion for this program for a period of five years to cover administrative costs, medical costs and program analysis costs.
  • Emergency funding will be provided to Federally Qualified Community Centers (FQHCs) to set up a process for opioid addiction screening. FQHCs are non-profit clinics, funded by the Federal government to serve low income populations regardless of ability to pay. All physicians and staff are salaried. The funding will be administered by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) and defined by the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS).
  • Any American citizen or lawful permanent resident will be eligible to access any FQHC and undergo opioid screening as specified by the Secretary at no cost. Individuals eligible for relief, based solely on clinical criteria, will need to provide information about their insurance status. Upon receipt of consent from the individual or legal guardian if the screened individual is a minor, eligibility results and insurance information will be sent from the FQHC to CMS for enrollment in the DREAM program.
  • If the eligible person (EP) is currently covered by commercial insurance, CMS will contact the EP’s insurance plan and require that the plan contacts the EP or legal guardian and obtains proper consent to transfer the EP’s coverage to the DREAM program. Following EP consent, Medicare will become the primary payer for the EP. Medicare at its sole discretion may discontinue eligibility for the EP and the commercial plan must reinstate coverage for the EP at that time. All subsidies paid by the Federal government to the insurance plan, if any, will be paid into the Medicare trust fund for the duration of DREAM participation.
  • The EP will pay to Medicare premiums equal to the last monthly amount the EP paid to the commercial plan. Medicare will cover all opioid related services with zero deductible and zero copay. For other services the EP deductible and copays will be equal to those of traditional Medicare beneficiaries (parts A, B and D). Medicare will end DREAM eligibility for an EP who missed 3 consecutive monthly payments.
  • If the EP is insured, or eligible to be insured, through Medicaid or any other public program, Medicaid or any other public program, will transfer into the Medicare trust fund estimated monthly premiums as calculated by the Secretary for the duration of DREAM participation. Medicaid will become the secondary payer for EPs previously enrolled, or eligible to be enrolled, in Medicaid.
  • If the EP is uninsured and not eligible for public insurance, the EP will be enrolled in Medicare (parts A, B and D), under the same terms as beneficiaries 65 years or older for the duration of DREAM eligibility, except that all opioid related services will be covered with zero deductible and zero copay.

Obamacare Crisis

  • Congress will appropriate $45 million for this program for a period of five years to cover program administration, evaluation and analysis. All other program costs, if any, will be absorbed by CMS budgets.
  • Any American citizen or lawful permanent resident who is not offered employer sponsored insurance, and is not eligible for Medicaid or another public insurance plan, and is not eligible for Federal subsidies on the Obamacare exchanges equal to at least 50% of total costs of the current benchmark plan, or resides in a county where no Obamacare plans are available on the exchange on the first day of the open enrollment period, will be eligible to enroll in Medicare parts A, B and D, at an annual rate of average Medicare spending per beneficiary (MSPB), adjusted for EP age.
  • The Secretary shall publish a list of DREAM premiums for three age bands, 0-21, 22-45, 46-64, no later than one month before the first day of open enrollment for the Obamacare exchanges. All DREAM rates will be assessed and billed for each individual EP. No family rates will be available and no Federal subsidies will be given to DREAM enrollees.
  • The EP, or a legal guardian if the EP is a minor, is responsible for premium payments to Medicare. EP deductible and copays will be equal to those of traditional Medicare beneficiaries (parts A, B and D). Medicare will end DREAM eligibility for an EP who missed 3 consecutive monthly payments.
  • For each program year the Secretary shall conduct and publish comparative analyses of Federal spending on Obamacare exchange enrollees and DREAM program enrollees to inform Congress and the public on the merits of each program.

Step 4: Consequences

See? Wasn’t that bad now, was it? Defining the program is relatively easy and the above is just an abbreviated example. Other details will need to be added, removed or changed, but the main idea here is to open Medicare in the short term to people who are hurting and are underserved by the commercial health insurance markets. There will of course be consequences. First, the Obamacare exchanges will most likely go bust, and we will have to expand the DREAM to allow enrollment of people who will bring their subsidies with them. Second, employers may decide to fund Medicare premiums instead of dealing with health insurance in house. Third, the folks who don’t qualify for the DREAM program may start chomping at the bit, seeing how DREAMers get to choose pretty much everything without breaking the bank. 

Yes, yes, I know. I’m being too clever by half, but surely someone who professes to be the voice of the forgotten men and women, could see his way clear to make this happen. It will, after all, lead to a complete repeal and replace of Obamacare. And for all timid liberals enamored with the poetry inscribed at the feet of Lady Liberty, let’s help the President erect a statue of liberty at the gates to Medicare.

Health Care and Java

Your Best Health Care: Health Care and Java

Health Care and Java

How do you
feel about coffee–that java that makes you jump, that black elixir of silky
goodness, the cuppa joe for the morning wakeup call? Well, believe it or not,
adding coffee to your daily diet can help with your health. If you already
drink it, you’ll be glad to know that in addition to providing a boost to get
you going, and the taste that may make you happy, coffee has some remarkable
powers to help your body and brain.
to this website, , a new
study examined the relationships between coffee (total, caffeinated or
decaffeinated) and tea consumption and risk of melanoma in the European
Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). EPIC is a
multi-centre prospective study that enrolled over 500,000 participants aged
25-70 years from ten European countries in 1992-2000.
of caffeinated coffee was inversely (i.e. favorably) associated with melanoma
risk among versus non-consumers, but not among women. There were no
statistically significant associations between consumption of decaffeinated
coffee or tea and the risk of melanoma among both men and women. The authors
suggest further investigations are warranted to confirm their findings and
clarify the possible role of caffeine and other coffee compounds in reducing
the risk of melanoma.
to the Harvard School of Public Health, more than half of American adults drink
coffee every day. Recent scientific studies suggest moderate consumption may
help reduce some disease risks. These studies are observational, meaning that
researchers draw conclusions based on differences between the number of disease
cases in coffee drinkers versus non-drinkers. More information is located at
this site:
Not only
is this information good news, but this article by blogger Jenn Miller shows
that there are many health care pluses for coffee consumption:
You may
wonder when you see various reports over the past few years about the efficacy
of drinking coffee and its health affects on you. The verdict is thumbs up,
according to CNN, with study after study extolling the merits of three to five
cups of black coffee a day in reducing risk for everything from melanoma to
heart disease, multiple sclerosis, type 2 diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, liver
disease, prostate cancer, Alzheimer’s, computer-related back pain and more.
To stay
completely healthy with your coffee consumption, you’ll want to avoid packing
it with calorie laden creams, sugars and flavors, per the CNN article. And be
aware that a cup of coffee in these studies is only 8 ounces; the standard
“grande” cup at the coffee shop is double that at 16 ounces.  And how you brew it has health consequences.
Unlike filter coffee makers, the French press, Turkish coffee or the boiled
coffee popular in Scandinavian countries fail to catch a compound called
cafestol in the oily part of coffee that can increase your bad cholesterol or
people with sleep issues or uncontrolled diabetes should check with a doctor
before adding caffeine to their diets, as should pregnant women, as there is
some concern about caffeine’s effect on fetal growth and miscarriage. And some
of the latest research seems to say that our genes may be responsible for how
we react to coffee, explaining why some of us need several cups to get a boost
while others get the jitters on only one. For much more detailed information on
this subject, visit this website:
Caffeine, the most widely consumed psychoactive
substance in the world, is the best known ingredient of coffee, according to
Warrior Coffee. Its beneficial effects on the human body have been researched quite
well, but coffee as a whole is a complex beverage with a thousand different
substances. Some studies argue that decaf and caffeinated coffee may have the
same health effects and suggest that it’s not the caffeine that is responsible
for most of coffee’s health benefits. This company has put together a list
of  Pro’s and Con’s about coffee drinking
and is well worth reading to give you both sides of the story:
For those on the healthy side of coffee consumption, this
, has some negative aspects listed about this liquid:
In small, occasional cups there is
possibly a case to be made for some benefits to coffee. If it’s fresh,
high-quality and ideally organic (regular coffee is one of the most
pesticide-intensive crops in the world) then a raft of studies have shown that
it can improve alertness and long term it may reduce the risk of developing
Parkinson’s disease, gallstones, kidney stones and liver cirrhosis for heavy
in the longer term it has been associated with an increased risk of high
cholesterol, heart disease, and osteoporosis. Good-quality ground coffee is a
source of antioxidants like chlorogenic acid that may help with weight loss and
Green Coffee Bean Extract, particularly high in this antioxidant, are the
latest popular supplement for body fat reduction. While there is evidence one
way and another about drinking coffee, a case can be made for either side of
the java wars.
Is coffee associated with the risk of death from all
causes? According to a report in the New York Times, there have been two
meta-analyses published within the last year or so. The first reviewed 20
studies, including almost a million people, and the second included 17 studies
containing more than a million people. Both found that drinking coffee was
associated with a significantly reduced chance of death. There’s possibly no
other product that has this much positive epidemiologic evidence going for it.
For more details on this product, read this article:
But, you
need to be careful about how you drink your coffee. According to the Atlantic
Monthly magazine a few years ago,
there were no major differences in risk reduction between
regular and decaf coffee suggests there’s something in it, aside from its
caffeine content, that could be contributing to these observed benefits. It
also demonstrates that caffeine was in no way mitigating coffee’s therapeutic
Of course, what you choose to add to coffee can just as
easily negate the benefits — various sugar-sweetened beverages were all
significantly associated with an increased risk of diabetes. A learned taste
for cream and sugar (made all the more enticing when they’re designed to smell
like seasonal celebrations) is likely one of the reasons why we associate
coffee more with decadence than prudence. More details are available at this
So, should you drink that little black cup of java that
so eagerly calls your name every day, or give it up for what may be considered
healthier beverages like water, fruit juices, or other non-caffeinated types of
liquid? That is a personal choice, and one that needs to be evaluated by you
and your family doctor if you have mitigating health circumstances.

"Hey Alex, I Don’t Feel Well. Find A Physician Near Me." Hospital Marketer, Is Your Website Optimized for Voice Search?

How does this grab you? Thirty-eight percent of all internet
searches are now by voice using a digital assistant like Siri, Alexa, Echo, and others on a smartphone or home voice internet
connected device. Additionally, most voices activated
searches are using the term “near me” sometimes combined with the term “near me

Putting it another way, will the healthcare consumer and
potential patient voice searching for a physician, find the hospital via your “Find-A-Physician”
portal on your website?

I ask the question about finding a physician because I don’t think people are going
to voice-search the hospital, except
maybe to get directions. And the other reason is that no matter the payment system,
the hospital still needs a physician’s order for any diagnostic testing or

What to do?

Now that I have your attention and it very well could be an
OMG moment, with now I have something else to worry about, optimizing the hospital
or health system website is possible in short order. The following seven steps should
enable you to start optimizing for voice searches. 

Ditch the old fashion search keywords like hospital
Plainfield or Cardiovascular Service Line. Nobody talks like that conversationally.
Searches are in the natural language of
the person. 

Move to long-tail keywords. Long-tail keywords
generally run from three to five words. Long-tail keywords are important due to
the preference of digital assistants to use natural language for processing
requests. If you use a digital assistant for shopping, think about how you speak to Siri or Alex for example, you speak conversationally
and naturally to the devices whether you realize it or not. 

Exploit the power of near me searches. Voice searches
are local. All healthcare is local. That’s the connection for you. The
healthcare consumer isn’t looking for an exotic specialty; they are searching “near me” for the solution to
their problem. 

Make sure it’s
easy for bots and spiders to crawl your site and know what the hospital business
Make sure you submit your sitemap to
Google and Bing. Start incorporating microdata, schema, rich snippets and so
on. These little pieces of code give the search engines even more information
about what your business is all about. 

You also want to
make sure that your online business directories (aka citation sites) are
accurate as well. For example, if one address is
on Yelp, and another is on Citysearch, the search engines won’t know
which address is the correct one and will be less likely to pull your hospital
up in voice search results. 

Take a look at
your analytics. Google’s Search Console reports show you what queries are
bringing people to your site. Now that being said, you can’t tell if the search
query came from voice search or the good old-fashioned way. You can get some
good ideas based on how people are finding you right now. 

Since most voice
searches take place on mobile devices,
you must have a mobile-friendly site. If a person does a voice search, goes to
your site and has a bad experience, it’s over. This
not only impacts that individual searcher
but a high bounce rate because your site is difficult to use on a smartphone
can also negatively affect your rankings on Google.

“Hey Siri, find a hospital near me that has the best satisfaction
and experience ratings.”  
Michael is a
healthcare business, marketing, communications strategist and
thought-leader.  As an internationally followed healthcare strategy
blogger, his blog, Healthcare Marketing Matters is read in  52 countries
and listed on the 
100 Top Healthcare
Marketing Blogs, and Websites
at No. 3 on the list by Michael is a Life Fellow, American
College of Healthcare Executives, and a Professional Certified Marketer,
American Marketing Association. An expert
in healthcare marketing strategy, digital marketing & social media, Michael
is in the top 10 percent of social media experts nationwide and is considered
an established influencer. For inquiries regarding strategic consulting
engagements, call Michael at 815-351-0671. Opinions expressed are my